In today's post I'm sharing about a literature review done for a vernacular architecture in Indonesia. Here I've included a post presentation that compares the responsive and resilient features of the identified building.
Why Vernacular Architecture?
Vernacular Architecture is more challenging than any other field as it not only considers the technology associated with construction but also the local traditions and needs are answered in the most ingenuous and functional way.
An overview of Tongkonan Tongkonan, is an indigenous house in the South Sulawesi island of Indonesia. The topography of Indonesia makes the place vulnerable to various hazardous situations such as flooding and earthquakes. The study area is in Indonesia, an archipelago, with a population of more than 230 million of which the majority of population depends on the local ecosystem's resources for survival. Tongkonan is a traditional house of Toraja District in Southern part of Sulawesi Island.
Many architecture students find it difficult to differentiate site analysis from site planning. Here we are sharing with you a figure to help you better understand the stage during which the site analysis is conducted in an architectural design process. Also the key points to be considered while conducting a site analysis is also given.
Also check out this PPT link to know more about this. Google Slides
This post will give you an overview of the major elements and component considered in the study of vernacular architecture. Some of the parameters are listed below and the same are considered for reviewing indigenous responsive and resilient architectural features in the upcoming posts; (Review 1 - Tongkonan). Technology
Materials - Use of locally available materials Well adapted to local environment Joining, pegging, wedging/binding and mortising most significant in roof construction The superstructure mainly consists of prefabricated screens attached to structural components. Post/Columns are used as load bearing components. Wall - Not a priority instead screens are used. Non load bearing walls Wood - Hardwood (Teak, Cengal) is used. Bamboo is also used for temporary buildings Roofing - Palm leaf and grass thatching Foundation - Raised platform. Varies across region; Some are built directly on ground. Low pile foundations are used in west Java. Raised floor is effectively used in Thailand. C…