Tongkonan Indigenous Architecture

In today's post I'm sharing about a literature review done for a vernacular architecture in Indonesia. Here I've included a post presentation that compares the responsive and resilient features of the identified building.

Why Vernacular Architecture?
Vernacular Architecture is more challenging than any other field as it not only considers the technology associated with construction but also the local traditions and needs are answered in the most ingenuous and functional way.

An overview of Tongkonan
Tongkonan, is an indigenous house in the South Sulawesi island of Indonesia. The topography of Indonesia makes the place vulnerable to various hazardous situations such as flooding and earthquakes. The study area is in Indonesia, an archipelago, with a population of more than 230 million of which the majority of population depends on the local ecosystem's resources for survival. Tongkonan is a traditional house of Toraja District in Southern part of Sulawesi Island.

The climate of South Sulawesi is majorly classified as Af (Equatorial Climate - Rainforest) by the K√∂ppen-Geiger system. The southern part of Sulawesi is characterised by humid tropical climate with constant temperature and the seasons are differentiated by the amount of rainfall received. The Tana Toroja regency covers an area of 3205km2 located in South Sulawesi, Indonesia and is located approximately 300-600m above sea level. The Torojan people are known for their culture and tradition. As their place was isolated for a long period of time by natural barriers they have practiced what they had inherent in them.

Resilient and responsive features in the case of Tongkonan

An architectural solution that facilitates the rational functioning of eco system is needed for the local people and built environment to be resilient and responsive during unexpected challenges and vulnerable scenarios. The characteristics of the built environment may be influenced by the environmental and cultural factors. Here an identification of the spatial and structural features is carried out to review their responsiveness to contextual climate and resilience during vulnerable scenarios. This helps in relative classification of resilience and responsiveness and also the to see the extend of its influence over the comfort parameters and structural stability.

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